Genesis 10:2-5 – Listing of Japheth’s sons and their respective nations

Genesis 10:2-5 is a section from the Bible that lists the sons of Japheth, one of the sons of Noah, and the nations they are traditionally associated with. This part of the Bible, often referred to as the “Table of Nations,” traces the lineage and the resulting spread of different peoples across the world following the story of Noah’s Ark. The verses specifically outline the descendants of Japheth and the nations or groups they are believed to have founded.

Here’s a brief outline of Genesis 10:2-5:

  • Verse 10:2 lists the sons of Japheth: Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
  • Verses 10:3-4 detail the descendants of Gomer and Javan. Gomer’s descendants include Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah. Javan’s descendants are Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim (or Rodanim).
  • Verse 10:5 mentions how these groups spread out into their own territories, each developing its own language, clans, and nations. This verse generally refers to the spreading of Japheth’s descendants over the coastal regions, often interpreted as parts of Europe and Asia.

This listing is part of a larger genealogical record in Genesis 10, which aims to explain the origins of different nations and peoples in the ancient world from a biblical perspective.